In many ways, 2010 was finally the year of mobile for news media, and especially so if you consider the iPad a mobile device. Many news organizations like The Washington Post and CNN included heavy social media integrations into their apps, opening the devices beyond news consumption.
In 2011, the focus on mobile will continue to grow with the launch of mobile- and iPad-only news products, but the greater focus for news media in 2011 will be on re-imagining its approach to the open social web. The focus will shift from searchable news to social and share-able news, as social media referrals close the gap on search traffic for more news organizations. In the coming year, news media’s focus will be affected by the personalization of news consumption and social media’s influence on journalism.
1. Leaks and Journalism: A New Kind of Media Entity
In 2010, we saw the rise of WikiLeaks through its many controversial leaks. With each leak, the organization learned and evolved its process in distributing sensitive classified information. In 2011, we’ll see several governments prosecute WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange for his role in disseminating classified documents and some charges will have varying successes. But even if WikiLeaks itself gets shut down, we’re going to see the rise of “leakification” in journalism, and more importantly we’ll see a number of new media entities, not just mirror sites, that will model themselves to serve whistle blowers — WikiLeaks copycats of sorts. Toward the end of this year, we already saw Openleaks, Brusselsleaks, and Tradeleaks. There will be many more, some of which will be focused on niche topics.
Just like with other media entities, there will be a new competitive market and some will distinguish themselves and rise above the rest. So how will success be measured? The scale of the leak, the organization’s ability to distribute it and its ability or inability to partner with media organizations. Perhaps some will distinguish themselves by creating better distribution platforms through their own sites by focusing on the technology and, of course, the analysis of the leaks. The entities will still rely on partnerships with established media to distribute and analyze the information, but it may very well change the relationship whistleblowers have had with media organizations until now.
2. More Media Mergers and Acquisitions
At the tail end of 2010, we saw the acquisition of TechCrunch by AOL and the Newsweek merger with The Daily Beast. In some ways, these moves have been a validation in the value of new media companies and blogs that have built an audience and a business.
But as some established news companies’ traditional sources of revenue continue to decline, while new media companies grow, 2011 may bring more media mergers and acquisitions. The question isn’t if, but who? I think that just like this year, most will be surprises.
3. Tablet-Only and Mobile-First News Companies
In 2010, as news consumption began to shift to mobile devices, we saw news organizations take mobile seriously. Aside from launching mobile apps across various mobile platforms, perhaps the most notable example is News Corp’s plan to launch The Daily, an iPad-only news organization that is set to launch early 2011. Each new edition will cost $0.99 to download, though Apple will take 30%. But that’s not the only hurdle, as the publication relies on an iPad-owning audience. There will have been 15.7 million tablets sold worldwide in 2010, and the iPad represents roughly 85% of that. However, that number is expected to more than double in 2011. Despite a business gamble, this positions news organizations like The Daily for growth, and with little competition, besides news organizations that repurpose their web content. We’ve also seen the launch of an iPad-only magazine with Virgin’s Project and of course the soon-to-launch News.me social news iPad application from Betaworks.
But it’s not just an iPad-only approach, and some would argue that the iPad isn’t actually mobile; it’s leisurely (yes, Mark Zuckerberg). In 2011, we’ll see more news media startups take a mobile-first approach to launching their companies. This sets them up to be competitive by distributing on a completely new platform, where users are more comfortable with making purchases. We’re going to see more news companies that reverse the typical model of website first and mobile second.
4. Location-Based News Consumption
In 2010, we saw the growth of location-based services like Foursquare, Gowalla and SCVNGR. Even Facebook entered the location game by launching its Places product, and Google introduced HotPot, a recommendation engine for places and began testing it in Portland. The reality is that only 4% of online adults use such services on the go. My guess is that as the information users get on-the-go info from such services, they’ll becomes more valuable and these location-based platforms will attract more users.
Part of the missing piece is being able to easily get geo-tagged news content and information based on your GPS location. In 2011, with a continued shift toward mobile news consumption, we’re going to see news organizations implement location-based news features into their mobile apps. And of course if they do not, a startup will enter the market to create a solution to this problem or the likes of Foursquare or another company will begin to pull in geo-tagged content associated with locations as users check in.
5. Social vs. Search
In 2010, we saw social media usage continue to surge globally. Facebook alone gets 25% of all U.S. pageviews and roughly 10% of Internet visits. Instead of focusing on search engine optimization (SEO), in 2011 we’ll see social media optimization become a priority at many news organizations, as they continue to see social close the gap on referrals to their sites.
Ken Doctor, author of Newsonomics and news industry analyst at Outsell, recently pointed out that social networks have become the fastest growing source of traffic referrals for many news sites. For many, social sites like Facebook and Twitter only account for 10% to 15% of their overall referrals, but are number one in growth. For news startups, the results are even more heavy on social. And of course, the quality of these referrals is often better than readers who come from search. They generally yield more pageviews and represent a more loyal reader than the one-off visitors who stumble across the site from Google.
6. The Death of the ‘Foreign Correspondent’
What we’ve known as the role of the foreign correspondent will largely cease to exist in 2011. As a result of business pressures and the roles the citizenry now play in using digital technology to share and distribute news abroad, the role of a foreign correspondent reporting from an overseas bureau “may no longer be central to how we learn about the world,” according to a recent study by the Reuters Institute for the Study of of Journalism. The light in the gloomy assessment is that there is opportunity in other parts of the world, such as Asia and Africa, where media is expanding as a result of “economic and policy stability,” according to the report. In 2011, we’ll see more news organizations relying heavily on stringers and, in many cases, social content uploaded by the citizenry.
7. The Syndication Standard and the Ultimate Curators
Syndication models will be disrupted in 2011. As Clay Shirky recently predicted, more news outlets will get out of the business of re-running the same story on their site that appeared elsewhere. Though this is generally true, the approach to syndication will vary based on the outlet. The reality is that the content market has become highly fragmented, and if content is king, then niche is certainly queen. Niche outlets, which were once curators of original content produced by established organizations, will focus more on producing original content. While established news brands, still under pressure to produce a massive amount of content despite reduced staff numbers, will become the ultimate curators. This means they will feature just as much content, but instead through syndication partners.
You already see this taking place on sites like CNN.com or NYTimes.com, both of whose technology sections feature headlines and syndicated content from niche technology publications. In this case, it won’t only be the reader demand for original content that drives niche publications to produce more original content, but also its relationship with established organizations that strive to uphold the quality of their content and the credibility of their brand. Though original content will be rewarded, specialized, niche publications could benefit the most from the disruption.
8. Social Storytelling Becomes Reality
In 2010, we saw social content get weaved into storytelling, in some cases to tell the whole story and in other cases to contextualize news events with curation tools such as Storify. We also saw the rise of social news readers, such as Flipboard and Pulse mobile apps and others.
In 2011, we’ll not only see social curation as part of storytelling, but we’ll see social and technology companies getting involved in the content creation and curation business, helping to find the signal in the noise of information.
We’ve already heard that YouTube is in talks to buy a video production company, but it wouldn’t be a surprise for the likes of Twitter or Facebook to play a more pivotal role in harnessing its data to present relevant news and content to its users. What if Facebook had a news landing page of the trending news content that users are discussing? Or if Twitter filtered its content to bring you the most relevant and curated tweets around news events?
9. News Organizations Get Smarter With Social Media
In 2010, news organizations began to take social media more seriously and we saw many news organizations hire editors to oversee social media. USA Today recently appointed a social media editor, while The New York Times dropped the title, and handed off the ropes to Aron Pilhofer’s interactive news team.
The Times‘ move to restructure its social media strategy, by going from a centralized model to a decentralized one owned by multiple editors and content producers in the newsroom, shows us that news organizations are becoming more sophisticated and strategic with their approach to integrating social into the journalism process. In 2011, we’re going to see more news organizations decentralize their social media strategy from one person to multiple editors and journalists, which will create an integrated and more streamlined approach. It won’t just be one editor updating or managing a news organization’s process, but instead news organizations will work toward a model in which each journalist serves as his or her own community manager.
10. The Rise of Interactive TV
In 2010, many people were introduced to Internet TV for the first time, as buzz about the likes of Google TV, iTV, Boxee Box and others proliferated headlines across the web. In 2011, the accessibility to Internet TV will transform television as we know it in not only the way content is presented, but it will also disrupt the dominance traditional TV has had for years in capturing ad dollars.
Americans now spend as much time using the Internet as they do watching television, and the reality is that half are doing both at the same time. The problem of being able to have a conversation with others about a show you’re watching has existed for some time, and users have mostly reacted to the problem by hosting informal conversations via Facebook threads and Twitter hashtags. Companies like Twitter are recognizing the problem and finding ways to make the television experience interactive.
It’s not only the interaction, but the way we consume content. Internet TV will also create a transition for those used to consuming video content through TVs and bring them to the web. That doesn’t mean that flat screens are going away; instead, they will only become interconnected to the web and its many content offerings.
Sebuah survei mengungkap hal yang cukup mengkhawatirkan. Lebih dari separuh aplikasi iPhone dan Android diam-diam mengirimkan data pengguna.
Survei itu dilakukan Wall Street Journal, seperti dikutip. WSJ menyelidiki sekitar 101 aplikasi populer, di Android dan iPhone.
Hasilnya, sekitar 56 persen aplikasi mengirimkan identitas unik perangkat pada perusahaan pihak ketiga tanpa sepengetahuan pengguna.
Sebanyak 47 aplikasi mengirimkan informasi yang bisa digunakan untuk mengetahui lokasi ponsel. Lima aplikasi mengirimkan data lebih rinci seperti usia, umur dan detil lain. Namun dalam hal ini informasi tersebut didapatkan dari si pengguna.
Adanya data pribadi yang dikirimkan ini jadi isu yang cukup diperhatikan di Amerika Serikat, sesuai dengan kebiasaan warga AS yang sangat mengutamakan privasi.
Tentunya, hasil survei ini belum tentu bisa jadi pegangan ilmiah. Survei yang dilakukan WSJ ini hanya sebatas 101 aplikasi paling populer, metode pemilihan aplikasi itu juga bisa jadi mengandung bias.
Galaxy S jadi bintang paling terang dalam jajaran ponsel yang dirilis Samsung pada tahun 2010. Smartphone Android tersebut akan segera menembus jumlah penjualan 10 juta unit secara global.
“Lebih dari 9 juta unit telah terjual pada awal bulan ini dan angka tersebut akan segera mencapai 10 juta,” demikian pernyataan Samsung.
Di kandangnya, Korea Selatan, popularitas Galaxy S berhasil menjungkalkan Apple iPhone. Sebanyak 2 juta unit Galaxy S tandas di negeri Ginseng itu, sedangkan iPhone ‘baru’ mencapai 1,8 juta.
Dengan larisnya penjualan, Galaxy S jadi smartphone Android terpopuler. Bahkan, Galaxy S membayangi popularitas Apple iPhone 4. Sebagai perbandingan, iPhone 4 yang debutnya hampir sama dengan Galaxy S terjual 14 juta unit secara global sampai bulan Oktober.
Peruntungan Samsung di segmen smartphone memang cukup bagus di tahun ini. Sistem operasi Bada yang mereka perkenalkan juga mendapat tanggapan relatif baik dari pasar.
Segera setelah kode sumber Android 2.3 a.k.a. Gingerbread disediakan Google untuk umum, para pengembang mulai melakukan usaha untuk melakukan porting OS Android terbaru tersebut ke perangkat selain Nexus S. Salah satu yang mendapat kehormatan untuk menjajal Gingerbread ini adalah Samsung Galaxy S yang secara resmi baru memiliki OS Android 2.2 Froyo.
OS Android 2.3 Gingerbread tak resmi yang dipasang pada Samsung Galaxy S ini terlihat bisa bekerja baik. Animasi dan transisi menu mengalir dengan lancar. Namun demikian beberapa fitur masih belum bisa diaktifkan yaitu:
- Beberapa tombol
Beberapa fitur yang belum aktif tersebut saat ini sedang diusahakan untuk diaktifkan oleh para pengembang di XDA Developer.
Setelah kemarin diluncurkan secara resmi oleh Google, Nexus S hari ini telah dibedah. Seperti biasa, iFixit melakukan ritual pembongkaran terhadap gadget ini untuk melihat isi sebenarnya dari perangkat Android pertama yang memakai Gingerbread ini.
Isi dalam Nexus S memang mirip dengan Samsung Galaxy S. Ditemukan prosesor 1 GHz Hummingbird dan layar Super AMOLED. Nexus S disebutkan memiliki fitur NFC yang bisa digunakan untuk komunikasi jarak dekat. Dari pembedahan diketahui bahwa modul ini ternyata terpasang di bagian panel tutup belakang. Menurut Google dengan modul ini Nexus S bisa membaca informasi dari smart tag yang terpasang di berbagai obyek seperti stiker, poster film, hingga t-shirt.
Modul NFC di Panel Tutup Belakang
Selain itu Nexus S dikatakan juga memiliki layar kaca lengkung. Dari pembongkaran diketahui bahwa layar Nexus S memiliki dua lapisan yaitu lapisan kaca di bagian atas yang melengkung dan lapisan bawah yaitu layar Super AMOLED yang datar seperti pada Galaxy S. Namun demikian kedua lapisan ini telah ditempelkan sehingga jika layarnya rusak maka keduanya harus diganti.
Dua Lapis Layar yang Memberi Kesan Lengkung
Secara umum iFixit memberi skor 7 dari 10 untuk Nexus S dalam hal kemudahan perbaikan. Baterainya mudah diganti, papan induknya mudah dicopot untuk diperbaiki. Kebanyakan komponennya juga mudah dipisahkan, sedangkan panel depannya ditempel memakai lem sehingga lebih sukar dilepas daripada di iPhone. Dan seperti diketahui layarnya harus diganti kedua lapisannya jika terjadi kerusakan atau pecah.
Upgrade Android 2.3 Gingerbread memang tidak memberikan perubahan besar pada handset yang telah berbasis Froyo. Namun seperti yang telah banyak diketahui, Gingerbread telah memberikan model papan ketik virtual baru yang telah dikembangkan Google.
Bagi yang ingin merasakan papan ketik ini tapi tidak memiliki handset berbasis Gingerbread tidak perlu menunggu lebih lama lagi, semua ini berhat salah satu pengembang di Xda-developers. Caranya adalah mengunduh papan ketik QWERTY (Link untuk Android 2.2, Link untuk Android 2.1) dari browser ponsel anda.
Kemudian rubah saja pengaturan agar menjadi papan ketik Gingerbread. Anda akan menemukan papan ketik QWERTY baru ini berjalan lebih cepat dan lebih halus dibanding papan ketik Android saat ini. Cukup mudah dan tidak memerlukan root terlebih dahulu.
Game balap Need for Speed : Shift telah lama tersedia gratis untuk ponsel Symbian^3 Nokia N8, kini game balap ternama tersebut juga telah tersedia di Android Market dan dijual seharga $4.99. Sayang Android masih belum menyediakan dukungan layanan pembelian aplikasi berbayar untuk pasar ponsel Indonesia.
Pemain besar di Industri game telah meluncurkan banyak game ternama tahun ini. Gameloft juga merilis Modern Combat: Sandstorm. Game Need for Speed : Shift juga menempati urutan teratas game Android minggu ini.
Untuk tahun 2011, dikabarkan akan semakin banyak game yang hadir di Android Market, termasuk di dalamnya Madden NFL 11. Berharap saja tahun depan Android juga membuka dukungan transaksi aplikasi berbayar di Indonesia yang mungkin akan semakin menumbuhkan minat terhadap ponsel ‘robot hijau’ tersebut.
Most modern computers are powerful enough to run entire operating systems within your main operating systems, which means virtual machines are more commonplace today than ever. Here’s a look at the five most popular virtual machine applications.
Virtual machines allow you to run one operating system emulated within another operating system. Your primary OS can be Windows 7 64-bit, for example, but with enough memory and processing power, you can run Ubuntu and OS X side-by-side within it. Earlier this week we asked you to share your favorite virtual machine application, and now we’re back to highlight the five most popular picks.
VirtualBox (Windows/Mac/Linux, Free)
VirtualBox has a loyal following thanks to a combination of a free-as-in-beer price tag, cross-platform support, and a huge number of features that make running and maintaining virtual machines a breeze. Virtual machine descriptions and parameters are stored entirely in plain-text XML files for easy portability and easy folder sharing. Its “Guest Additions” feature, available for Windows, Linux, and Solaris virtual machines, makes VirtualBox user friendly, allowing you to install software on the virtual machine that grants extra privileges to the host machine for tasks like sharing files, sharing drives and peripherals, and more. You can read about additional VirtualBox features here..
Parallels (Windows/Mac/Linux, $79.99)
Although best known for the Mac version of their virtual machine software, Parallels also runs virtualization on Windows and Linux. The Parallels software boasts a direct link, thanks to optimization on Intel and AMD chips, to the host computer’s hardware with selective focus—when you jump into the virtual machine to work the host machine automatically relinquishes processing power to it. Parallels also offers clipboard sharing and synchronization, shared folders, and transparent printer and peripheral support. Read more about the Mac features here and the Windows/Linux features here.
VMware (Windows/Linux, Basic: Free, Premium: $189)
VMware for desktop users comes in two primary flavors: VMware Player and VMware Workstation. VMware Player is a free solution aimed at casual users who need to create and run virtual machines but don’t need advanced enterprise-level solutions. VMware Workstation includes all the features of VMWare Player—easy virtual machine creation, hardware optimization, driver-less guest OS printing—and adds in the ability to clone machines, take multiple snapshots of the guest OS, and a replay changes made to the guest OS for testing software and recording the results within the virtual machine. You can read more about VMware Player here and VMware Workstation here.
QEMU (Linux, Free)
QEMU is a powerful virtualization tool for Linux machines built upon the back of the KVM system (Kernel-based Virtual Machine). QEMU executes guest code directly on the host hardware, can emulate machines across hardware types with dynamic translation, and supports auto-resizing virtual disks. Where QEMU really shines, especially among those who like the push the limits of virtualization and take their virtual machines with them, is running on hosts without administrative privileges. Unlike nearly every emulator out there QEMU does not require admin access to run, making it a perfect candidate for building thumb-drive based portable virtual machines.
Windows Virtual PC (Windows, Free)
Compared to the other any-OS-under-the-sun virtual machine applications in this week’s Hive Five, Windows Virtual PC is a tame offering. Windows Virtual PC exists solely to emulate other—usually earlier—versions of Windows. If you need to run an app that only works under Windows XP or test software for backwards compatibility with Vista, Windows Virtual Machine has you covered. It’s limited, true, but for people working in a strictly Windows environment—and most of the world still is—it gets the job done. Note: Virtual PC is availabls as Virtual PC 2004, Virtual PC 2007, and Windows Virtual PC, use this host and guest OS compatibility chart to figure out which one fits your needs.
That slide above is no joke — it comes from a marketing webinar put on by two companies that count Verizon, AT&T and Vodafone as clients, and it describes a system that identifies customer internet activity and charges a different rate for using Facebook than watching YouTube, while allowing access to Vodafone services for free. Yes, that’s basically the nightmare scenario for net neutrality advocates. The two companies behind the slide are Allot Communications and Openet, which sell subscriber-management tools to carriers around the world — tools that Allot’s director of marketing says can scan even encrypted packets to determine what service customers are using and charge accordingly. We’re not making this up — here’s the direct quote from the webinar:
[We use] a number of different methods to accurately identify the application — methods like heuristic analysis, behavioral and historical analysis, deep packet inspection, and a number of other techniques. What’s key is that we have the best application identification available on the market, which means that even applications that are encrypted or use other methods to evade detection will be correctly identified and classified… We essentially feed this real-time information about traffic and application usage into the policy and charging system. Each subscriber has a particular service plan that they sign up for, and they’re as generic or as personalized as the operator wants.
Yeah, that’s not how anyone actually wants the internet to work — except carriers, who’ve been saying increasingly insane things about charging even smartphone manufacturers for customer data usage lately. What’s more, it’s rumored that the FCC will cave to Verizon and AT&T and exempt wireless internet service from major parts of net neutrality regulation it’s expected to pass next week, so this nonsense could very well hit the US sooner rather than later. We’ll be keeping a close eye on things — we’ll let you know. Meanwhile, listen to the webinar yourself immediately below.
It sounds like all of NVIDIA’s wrangling and cajoling finally paid off, if a couple of analysts are to be believed — both say the company’s dual-core Tegra 2 chipset is racking up wins in the tablet space. We’ve seen it seemingly raise the bar for smartphone silicon in the LG Star and tease us in slate after slate, but Citigroup’s Glen Yeung says that Samsung has “placed a sizeable order with Nvidia for Tegra 2 chips in the first half of 2011, geared for both tablets and smartphones,” and BMO Capital Markets analyst Ambrish Srivastava anticipates the next Galaxy Tab will be one of the devices that use it. If that sounds obvious, remember that Samsung was supposed to be producing a dual-core chip of its own. What could cause companies to embrace Tegra 2, if that’s indeed what’s happening? Any number of reasons, to be sure, but Glen Yeung also says that Google has made Tegra the reference design for Honeycomb, aka Android 3.0, and so Tegra 2 may sound like a fast track to victory in the budding tablet space. Here’s hoping it’s a good choice for consumers, too.
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